Please see the previous attached paper written.I require 5 NEW sources and must be in APSA Citation Style (American Political Science Association).

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5 Peer Reviewed/Scholarly APSA Citation Style required (American Political Science Association)

Use section headings in bold font to separate the paper

RESEARCH QUESTION:

How did the polarized political climate affect the Kentucky 2020 Election for Senate?

State the independent variable as the political climate and the dependent variable as the voter turnout of the 2020 Kentucky Senate election. You must mention the independent variables of the political climate including the BLM movement, global pandemic (and how the U.S. handled it), and campaign strategies used. Please see the paper attached for reference throughout the entire paper.

I will only need the following sections REWRITTEN:

Introduction (1 page)

Literature Review (2 pages)

Theory and Hypotheses (1 pages)

Data and Method (3 pages)

Work Cited (1 page)

Section One: Introduction

State the research question: How the polarized political climate affected the Kentucky 2020 Election for Senate?

Briefly summarize what previous research found on that research question (or closely related question).

State the theory and hypothesis. How are those things similar or different from previous research?

State where any arguments or debates for the research question.

Section Two: Literature Review

DO NOT USE BOXCAR METHOD

Please add the 5 new sources research in this section and have it harmonize with the two sources already provided

There should be a tad of a literature review in the Introduction, include an in-depth review in this separate section. What sorts of theories and hypotheses did earlier research have? What did they find empirically (in their statistical analyses)? Where does the paper fit into the literature? How do the various works relate to your question? At this point of the paper, start pointing out (critiquing) the existing work. Explain how these are contributing to the previous works.

Organize each paper/article together by theme (such as, say, separating research into two competing views, etc.). You don?t need to summarize each paper/book you cite. Just discuss the main relevant point as it is brought up through this section.

Section Three: Theory and Hypotheses

State the independent variable and dependent variable:

Independent Variable: Political Climate – BLM Movement, Global Pandemic (how the U.S. handled it), and the campaign strategies of Mitch McConnell and Amy McGrath Dependent Variable: Voter Turnout of the 2020 Kentucky Senate Election

State how the independent variable influences the dependent variable

Explain the mechanisms/dynamics of the topic that are at work. Start this section by discussing the strengths and weaknesses of previous work, then move on to theory.

Hypothesis: Please type out on sentence to describe the Hypothesis in relation to the variables of the research question stated.Actually type out the hypothesis on a separate line so it is super clear. (Example: Hypothesis: An increase in X leads to an increase in Y.)

State if it Is it a positive or negative relationship? Or comparing between groups, which group(s) have higher value(s) of the dependent variable?

Section Five: Data and Method

You must use a regression model. All data must be provided to explain the how the hypothesis was evaluated. Elaborate further on each variable in play of the analysis and how it was measured. Explain the method used for this. I would prefer you use an empirical test.

Section Six: References

Must be in APSA Format

***IF THE OVERALL PAPER DOES NOT MENTION THE RESEARCH TOPIC GIVEN AND VARIABLES I WILL ASK FOR A REWRITE***Question 2

Let?s now look at the impact of income on partisanship. We might expect that richer individuals to be more Republican (higher partyid). Let?s do a simple regression.

(a) We could instead calculate a Pearson?s correlation coefficient, rather than do a simple regression. Why is it often preferable to do a simple regression instead of just a Pearson?s correlation? It will be helpful to explain what a Pearson correlation coefficient can tell us versus what a simple regression can tell us. (10pts)

Pearson?s correlation coefficient quantifies a number of the relationship between 2 variables. A simple regression helps to show the empirical relationship between 2 variables and help us create a hypothesis test.

(b) Figure 2 reports the simple regression results. Is the effect of income on partisanship (being more Republican, given how partyid is coded) positive or negative? Is it statistically significant at the 5% level (a = 0.05, two-tailed)? Be sure to explain how you get your answer. (10pts)

The effect of income on partisanship is negative. It is statistically significant at the 5% level considering that the t-critical is at 1.84.

Question 3 (20pts). Let?s do a multiple regression, where we account for all of the socio-economic factors. The regression results are reported in Figure 3. (a) For each variable (income, education, black) answer these two questions: (1) Is the effect positive or negative (what does it tell us about its relationship to partisanship)? (2) Is the effect statistically significant at the 5% level (a = 0.05, two-tailed)? (10pts)

1)The effect is negative when it comes to education and black. Those who are not well educated and are black tend to not have a strong partisanship.

2)The effect is statistically significant at the 5% level.

(b) Let?s interpret the coefficient for black a bit more. Explain how we interpret its coefficient. How does our interpretation of the coefficient in Figure 3 differ from the difference of means in Question 1? (10pts)

Question 4 (30pts). Let?s now dig even deeper at the effect of race on partisanship. Let?s run two separate multiple regressions: one where we analyze only blacks, and one where we analyze only nonblacks. That is, we are looking at whether some variables have a conditional effect on partisanship. The two regression results are reported in Figure 4.

(a)Let?s first analyze the impact of income and education on partisanship among blacks (top of Figure 4). For each variable (income, education), answer these two questions: (1) Is the effect positive or negative (what does it tell us about its relationship to partisanship)? (2) Is the effect statistically significant at the 5% level (a = 0.05, two-tailed)? (10pts)

(b) Let?s now analyze the impact of income and education on partisanship among nonblacks (bottom of Figure 4). For each variable (income, education) answer these two questions: (1) Is the effect positive or negative (what does it tell us about its relationship to partisanship)? (2) Is the effect statistically significant at the 5% level (a = 0.05, twotailed)? (10pts) (c) We can compare and contrast your answers in parts (a) and (b) to see if the effect of income and/or education are conditional on (depends on) race (black vs. non-black). Do we find any evidence of conditional effects? Explain your answer. (10pts)