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assignment is for english 101 course. i need to talk to my writer to explain the whole paper writing style. the paper is on the following topic: an old english word. first passage is the introduction ( you give an overview of the word’s history, which civilizations used it). second passage is the words etymology. note that we find the definition and etimology on oxford english dictionary. it’s our only source. if you don’t have access to the oxford english dictionary, let me know. then write 7-10 passages on it’s different definition, which yeat it was first used on. (my professor gave me 3 sample papers, you might wanna look at it. you’ll get how to write this paper). last paragraph is the conclusion. Scott Richardson
Comp 1
Bug?s Life
Not many people realize the full potential of the language that they speak. Most of the time they simply speak what first comes to mind without completely comprehending the power of the words or how they are properly used. For example, some people only know the word gay as someone attracted to the same sex, while in reality it was used much more often as someone being happy. The words that are spoken today, for the most part, did not come out of nowhere. They are born from previous words with similar structures and possibly take on another word to help express the meaning of it. Words can have an intense and spontaneous history that has made them develop into many meanings. Most of this is because of all of the cultural movement within England. Many cultures moved to England, like the Irish, Scottish, Anglos Saxon, and not to forget Latin, French, and old Norse. To this day words catch onto new meanings that seem to float into existence, like facepalm, when someone smacks their face with the palm of their hand in a showing of un-believability, crunked, to be extremely excited and full of energy, and nom nom, to describe the event of eating. The word bug, as innocent as it seems, is actually used in a few fairly different ways throughout history.
The word bug is known to have been used all the way back to 1395, which means it is actually a fairly young word. Bug was used in the Bible several times. Most evidence shows that the word originated from the Welsh word for ghost. It is fairly rare for the word to be of Welsh origin because most words are linked to Latin or Norse origin. During the years around 1395 the people used the word bug was used as a noun, much like today but in different context and spelt as bugge. A Bug was usually an imaginary and terrifying creature. It may have derived from the Welsh words bwgan, bwgwth, bwgwl, bygylu, bygwydd, and bwci, which all relate to terror or phantoms. This can refer to some of the popular monsters back then, like bugbears, hobgoblins, and scarecrows. For example, she looked upon him as though he were a bugge. A bugbear was an imaginary creature that was half goblin and half bear. A buggard also describes monsters like bugbears and hobgoblins, and derives from boggard. Similarly, the word bug-law is a law that is supposed to inspire terror, which relates to this version of bug. Interestingly, the word bug is not actually used the same way it started off, unlike a lot of other words that end up having similar uses today. The word was also used in the common saying, to swear by no bugs, which was to take a genuine oath.
The next most popular use for bug started around 1567. This version of bug came out of nowhere and is still used as an adjective to describe something big and pompous. It is known to have been used as bugge, bug, and even byg. An example of bug in this use would be, ?he strode down the street with a bug and sturdy gait. Apparently the word is still widely prevalent in this meaning.
Eventually around the year 1622 bug was used as it is known most commonly today. It was and is used as a noun that was still spelt as bugge. It was another name for an insect and eventually became a descriptor, like field bug or bed bug. It is unknown how the word with the meaning of ?an object of terror? turned into a generic name for an insect. The best reasoning is that it was accidently translated from budde in scearn-budde, a type of beetle. A great example of how it may be used especially today is, ?be careful, that shed is crawling with nasty bugs.? When this meaning of bug arrived, its first meaning of an imaginary monster was dropped except for its use in bugbear.
Around the 1870s a couple minor verb meanings of the word bug came into use. The first one that popped up was to clear something of insects. ?While bugging the garden, I saw a snake,? is an example of bug in that sense. In 1959 the word disinsectize came under use under the same meaning.
The second minor verb of bug was fairly odd. It is used to describe a person with their eyes popping out. For example, ?when he saw it, his eyes bugged out.? This can help describe when someone?s eyes sparkle, pop, or are wide open.
Interestingly, back in 1889 a version of bug started that seems appropriate for this generation instead of back then. It was used to describe a glitch or problem in a machine, so it is possible that because of the industrial revolution and all of the new inventions that this version of
bug could have really caught on. Similarly, in 1919 bug was used to describe a disease or sickness in a person?s body. For example, ?I caught a nasty bug this morning and I will not be able to come into work today.?
A couple more minor verbs of bug arrived during 1949 and 1955. The first one is extremely well known and started in the United States. This form of bug describes something being concealed with a microphone or being secretly equipped with an alarm system. For example, ?we may have to bug this room with a microphone.? Bug can also be used as an adjective in this case by saying something like, ?be careful, this room may be bugged.? This became so popular around the 1950?s because of all of the espionage involving the United States and Russia.
The second minor verb of bug that popped up around the 1950?s was to describe an annoyance or irritation. For example, ?Those hipsters sure do bug me? or ?Hey, quit bugging me.? This version of bug also originated primarily in the United States.
Bug has also been used to describe a person that is extremely enthused with something. For example if someone were to say, ?I hear Joey is a real jitterbug,? they would be stating that Joey is obsessed with dancing. Another popular example is a fire-bug, which refers to a person that is obsessed with starting fires. This form of bug was seen as far back as 1841 but became increasingly prevalent around the 1950?s.
Also during the 1950?s, bug started to be used as an interesting slang version. This version described someone leaving quickly, similar to scram. For example, ?He must have bugged out, because he is not here.? Similarly, it can be used to tell someone to leave by saying, ?bug off.? This version of bug never truly caught on and was mostly used in the United States, where it had originated.
Overall the word bug has had quite a short but intense journey. It started off with the strange version of bugge, which meant an imaginary monster. Soon after, bugge became the description of a person?s pompous stature. Next the word was thrown onto its most popular meaning, which was another name for an insect or pest. Bug then evolved into quit an array of crazy descriptions. It was used to describe people?s eyes popping out, how someone is obsessed with an activity, or concealing a microphone. If all of the meanings of bug were to be put in a single sentence it would look like this: He told the bugge bugge to bug off, go bug the plants of bugs, stop looking at him with bugged eyes, go bug the neighbor?s house, fix the bug in the computer, and stop bugging him so much. Most of the meanings of bug have been left behind, for the most part, and rarely come up in a normal conversation; however some of the minor slang terms have actually caught on and may eventually shed the term ?slang? completely.

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