Overview: For Milestone One, which is due in Module Three, you will create adjusting entries for various situations, prepare annual financial reports, calculate ratios, and develop a brief report for management explaining accounting ratios and the effects of interest rates on the future value of money. You will build on
this milestone in subsequent modules leading up to the final project.
Prompt: First, review the Final Project Scenario document and the accompanying Final Project Workbook. Follow the instructions below and complete the workbook with the information provided in the scenario. Using your review of the scenario, develop a management analysis brief that addresses the critical elements indicated below. Use information from your accounting workbook to support your claims in the management analysis brief.
Note: Milestone One is a draft of some critical elements of the final project. Note that the management analysis brief corresponds to the management analysis memo in the final project.
Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:
I. Accounting Workbook:Your accounting workbook must include appropriate calculations, ratios, and notes
A. Create adjusting entries for financial statement preparation.
B. Create an adjusted trial balance for financial statement preparation.
C. Prepare financial statements for determining the company?s financial position.
D. Calculate ratios for determining the company?s financial health. Refer to the Final Project Scenario for the ratio formulas.
II. Management Analysis Brief: Your management analysis brief should explain financial information to management. Provide evidence from your
accounting workbook to support your ideas when applicable.
A. Assess the company?s financial health based on ratio analyses presented in the accounting workbook.
B. Compare ratio analysis to trends in financial ratios over time for illustrating their impact, providing examples to support your claims.
C. Summarize the effects of different compounding periods and interest rates on future value of money.
D. Explain how alignment to relevant regulations and ethical reporting influenced your accounting practices and notes, providing examples to support your claims.
Guidelines for Submission: You will submit two files for this milestone. Your accounting workbook must be submitted as a Microsoft Excel document. Your management analysis brief should be a 1- to 2-page Microsoft Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins.
Attached are the files and rubric. ACC 308 Final Project Scenario
Overview: You just began a position as a financial accountant at Peyton Approved. In this role, your first task is to prepare the company?s financials for the year-end audit. Additionally, the company is interested in expanding its business within the next year. They would like your support in assessing their ability to meet their goals.
Refer to the data below and use the Final Project Workbook that includes the income statement, balance sheet, retained earnings statement, and cash flow statement to complete the final project and associated milestones.
Peyton Approved Financial Data: Preliminary financial statements have already been prepared (2017 statements in the Final Project Workbook). Final adjusting entries have not yet been made. See table for possible adjustments that indicate what will be recorded at 12/31/17 (fiscal year end). Use the following to complete year-to-year documentation and notes for managing depreciation, inventory, and long-term debt:
1. A supplier shipped $3,000 of ingredients on 12/29/17. Peyton receives an invoice for $3,175?goods
of $3,000 and freight of $175?all dated 12/29/17. Goods were shipped FOB supplier?s warehouse.
2. At 12/31/17, Peyton has $200 worth of merchandise on consignment at Bruno?s House of Bacon.
3. On 12/23/17, Peyton received $1,000 deposit from Pet Globe for product to be shipped by Peyton in
the second week of January.
4. On 12/03/2017, a mixer with a cost of $2,000, accumulated depreciation $1,200, was destroyed by a
forklift. As of 12/23/17, insurance company has agreed to pay $700 in January, 2018, for accidental destruction.
The company uses the following common ratios:
Current Ratio Current Assets/Current Liabilities
Quick Ratio Liquid Assets (cash, accounts receivable, marketable securities)/Current Liabilities
Account Receivable Turnover Total Revenue/Average Accounts Receivable
Inventory Turnover Total Cost of Goods Sold/Average Inventory
Gross Margin Gross Profit/Total Revenue Return on Sales Net Income/Total Sales Return on Equity Net Income/Total Equity Return of Assets Net Income/Total Assets
The company is planning to open another location in 2018. Using the preliminary statements as a base, prepare pro forma (budgeted) financials for 2018 for the new location using the following information:
Cost of leasing commercial space: $1,500 per month.
Cost of new equipment: $15,000, purchased with a long-term note. Use straight line depreciation assuming a seven-year life, no residual value. Use full year?s depreciation for the first year. Equipment purchase was
financed with a long-term note.
Cost of hiring and training new employees: three at $25,000 each for the first year.
Cash: $7,000. Accounts receivable amount to 4.0 turns (accounts receivable turnover will be 4.0); inventory amount to show 3.0 turns (inventory turnover will be 3.0). No stock will be issued. Retained earnings are to equal net income. Additional financing of $5,000 will be long term. Add remaining amount needed to balance
into accounts payable.
Except as noted in 1, 2, 3, and 5, assets, current liabilities, sales, costs, and expenses are expected to be 80% of the existing store (from preliminary statements) except no stock. Retained Earnings = Net Income
For notes to the financial statements and management analysis memo only, consider the following:
Peyton Approved uses the following accounting practices:
?Inventory: Periodic, LIFO for both baking and merchandise
?Equipment: Straight line method used for equipment
Business financing information: Use this information to calculate interest rates and insurance information and to assess
their impact on the company?s financial obligations:
?The 5-year loan was made on June 1, 2016. Terms are 7.5% annual rate, interest only until due date.
?Insurance: Annual policy covers 12 months, purchased in February, covering March 2017 to February 2018. No monthly adjustments have been made.