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Research Paper Outline and Bibliography

Introduction
Hook
Between 44%-57% of all human-produced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions come from the global food system, of which farming contributes between 11%-15%.
Research question
What farming processes produce the most and least amounts of GHG emissions?
Thesis Statement
This paper will examine common practices within the farming industry and their contributions to human-produced GHG emissions, as well as how to implement them, to examine how these changes might reduce, mitigate, and/or reverse agribusiness? contribution to GHG emissions.

Body Paragraphs
Context and History of Research Topic: Discuss climate change and the contributing factors for history. Break down the 44-57% of GHG emissions that come from the global food system for context. Focus on the 11-15% resulting from farming for this paper.

Farming processes that produce the most GHG emissions
Chemical fertilizers (Nitrous Oxide)
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Machinery run on gasoline (petrol)
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Highly concentrated industrial livestock operations (methane)
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Farming processes that sequester or produce the least amount of GHG emissions
Eliminate or decrease tillage (carbon dioxide) (gasoline)
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Reduce the use of fertilizers (nitrous oxide)
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Grazing management for livestock (methane)
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Promote biodiversity (carbon dioxide) (nitrous oxide)
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Your Argument
Changes in farming practices offer opportunities for anyone interested in growing food or raising animals.
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Implementing these changes on every scale of farm (industrial ag, small business, homesteads, and backyard gardens) might reduce, mitigate, and/or reverse agribusiness? contribution to GHG emissions.
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Conclusion
Summary of main points
Point 1 – These practices produce harmful GHG emissions
Point 2 – These practices reduce or sequester GHG emissions
Point 3 – Implementing these changes on every scale of farm (industrial ag, small business, homesteads, and backyard gardens) might reduce, mitigate, and/or reverse agribusiness? contribution to GHG emissions.
Answer: why does this research matter? Because climate change and food production practices affect human health globally.

Bibliography (at least 5 sources)
Manji, Firoze, and Henk Hobbelink. The Great Climate Robbery: How the Food System Drives Climate Change and What We Can Do About It. New Internationalist, 2016.

Nagothu, Udaya Sekhar. Climate Change and Agricultural Development: Improving Resilience Through Climate Smart Agriculture, Agroecology and Conservation. Routledge, 2016.

Toensmeier, Eric, and Hans Herren. The Carbon Farming Solution: A Global Toolkit of Perennial Crops and Regenerative Agriculture Practices for Climate Change Mitigation and Food Security. Chelsea Green Publishing, 2016.

Synergies and Trade-Offs in Climate-Smart Agriculture: An Approach to Systematic Assessment. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2021.

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